National Legislation

  1. Foreigner’s (Amendment) Ordinance, Pakistan, 2000
  2. Pakistan: Foreigner’s Order, 1951
  3. Pakistan: Citizenship Act, 1951
  4. Pakistan: Foreigner’s Act, 1946



  1. P. Oberoi, Exile and Belonging: Refugees and State Policy in South Asia’, (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2006), pp. 136–169.
  2. A.R. Sheikh, ‘Toward a Legal Regime for Refugee Protection in Pakistan’, Refugee Watch, no. 19 (August 2003).


  1. D. A. Kronenfeld, ‘Afghan Refugees in Pakistan: Not All Refugees, Not Always in Pakistan, Not Necessarily Afghan?’ Journal of Refugee Studies, vol. 21, no. 1 (2008), pp. 43–64.
  2. M. Zieck, ‘The Legal Status of Afghan Refugees in Pakistan, a Story of Eight Agreements and Two Suppressed Premises’, International Journal of Refugee Law, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 253–272.
  3. M. A. Khan, 'Pakistan’s National Refugee Policy', Forced Migration Review, vol. 46 (May 2014), pp. 22-23.

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