Main Debate

  • Does Article 3 of the OAU Convention adequately address issues of national security and social stability?

Main Points

  • National security v. protection for refugees
  • Freedom of expression v. international relations



  1. G. Okoth-Obbo,‘Thirty Years on: A Legal Review of the 1969 OAU Refugee Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa’ Refugee Survey Quarterly, vol. 20,no. 1 (2001), pp. 128-135.
  2. J. Crisp, ‘Africa’s refugees: patterns, problems and policy challenges’, New Issues in Refugee Research, Working paper No. 28 (2000).


  1. M. Katzarova and A. Korkeakivi, African Exodus-Refugee Crisis, Human Rights and the 1969 OAU Convention: A Report of the Lawyers Committee for Human Rights (New York: Lawyers Committee for Human Rights, 1995).