Main Debates

  • How can the warehousing of refugees be changed into self-sustainability?
  • What is the role of UNHCR in situations of premature repatriation?

Main Points

  • Range of actors and obstacles to durable solutions
  • Peace building and return
  • Decline of resettlement
  • The role of individual preference in durable solutions

UNHCR Documents

  1. UNHCR, ’Refugee Protection and Durable Solutions in the Context of International Migration: Report on the High Commissioner’s Dialogue on Protection Challenges’, December 2007 (April 2008).
  2. UNHCR, ‘Resettlement Handbook’, Revised Edition, 2011. Chapter 2.
  3. UNHCR, ‘Agenda for Protection’, Third edition, October 2003, pp. 68–75.
  4. UNHCR, ’Policy Framework and Implementation Strategy: UNHCR's Role in Support of the Return and Reintegration of Displaced Populations, August 2008.
  5. UNHCR, ’Implementation of the Strategic Use of Resettlement, September 2011.
  6. UNHCR, ’A New Beginning: Refugee Integration in Europe, September 2013.



  1. D. Anker, J. Fitzpatrick, and A. Shacknove, ‘Crisis and Cure: A Reply to Hathaway/Neve and Schuck’, Harvard Human Rights Journal, vol. 11 (Spring 1998), pp. 295–309.
  2. B.S. Chimni, ‘From Resettlement to Involuntary Repatriation: Towards a Critical History of Durable Solutions to Refugee Problems’, Refugee Survey Quarterly, vol. 23, no. 3 (2004), pp. 55–73.
  3. G. Goodwin-Gill and J. McAdam, The Refugee in International Law, 3rd edition, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007), pp. 489–501. [G. Goodwin-Gill, TheRefugee in International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996), pp. 268–282.]
  4. J. Hathaway and R.A. Neve, ‘Making International Refugee Law Relevant Again: A Proposal for Collectivized and Solution-Oriented Protection’, Harvard Human Rights Journal, vol. 10 (Spring 1997), pp. 155–169, 173–187.

Editor’s Note

See Section II. (cessation of refugee status being one of the durable solutions as foreseen by the 1951 Geneva Convention).

 II.1.5	Durable SolutionsII.1.5 Durable Solutions

UNHCR DocumentsUNHCR Documents