Main Debates

  • Interoperability v. the purpose limitation principle
  • Is law enforcement access to asylum seekers’ fingerprint data consistent with the right to privacy and protection rationale of the Dublin and Eurodac systems?

EU Documents

  1. Regulation (EU) No 603/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 on the establishment of ’Eurodac’ for the comparison of fingerprints for the effective application of Regulation (EU) No 604/2013; establishing the criteria and mechanisms for determining the Member State responsible for examining an application for international protection lodged in one of the Member States by a third-country national or a stateless person, OJ L 180, 29 June 2013.



  1. Meijers Committee, Note on the EURODAC proposal (COM (2012) 254), 10 October 2012.
  2. E. Guild, ‘Unreadable Papers?’, in J. Lodge (ed.), Are You Who You Say You Are? The EU and Biometric Borders (Nijmegen: Wolf Legal Publishers, 2007), pp. 31–45.


  1. A. Baldaccini, ‘Counter-Terrorism and the EU Strategy for Border Security: Framing Suspects with Biometric Documents and Databases’, European Journal of Migration and Law, vol. 1 (2008), pp. 31–49.
  2. E. Brouwer, ‘Data Surveillance and Border Control in the EU: Balancing Efficiency and Legal Protection’, in T. Balzacq and S. Carrera (eds), Security versus Freedom? A Challenge for Europe’s Future (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2006), pp. 137–154.
  3. E. Brouwer, ‘Eurodac: Its Temptations and Limitations’, European Journal of Migration and Law, vol. 4 (2002), pp. 231–247.

 VI.2.3.6 Biometrics and DatabasesVI.2.3.6 Biometrics and Databases